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An intelligent and connected public space collects data in public areas and displays or reacts on the data. The data can be securely transferred via Wi-Fi or other similar technologies to be, i.e. combined with a central system. The data that is collected with sensors can be data on the air quality, the movements and people in the public space or safety relevant information. With this, particular importance should be paid to privacy rights, i.e. by using non-intrusive sensors.  Often implemented sub-services are Wi-Fi-hotspots or guidance beacons for blind navigation. Public displays can i.e. provide access to local maps, a store and service registry or multimodal route-planning. These mandatory and additional functions of the intelligent and connected public space are shown below. The sensors and technologies used to realise the different functionalities can be attached to, i.e. Smart Lighting poles and make use of the underlying backbone infrastructure.


Main Benefits
  • Enhanced data collection

  • Encouraging digital entrepreneurship

Potential Benefits
  • Improving life quality

  • Increasing safety

  • Promoting sustainable behavior

  • Reducing local air pollution

  • Improving traffic management


Functions help you to understand what the products can do for you and which ones will help you achieve your goals.
Each solution has at least one mandatory function, which is needed to achieve the basic purpose of the solution, and several additional functions, which are features that can be added to provide additional benefits.

Mandatory Functions
    interacting with surrounding
    collecting environmental data
    analysing and prioritizing data
Potential Functions
    displaying data
    managing public fruniture
    offering connectivity
    offering guidance
Products offering these functions

Environmental Monitoring

Analysing of micro-climate and high-resolution data in cities helps to identify real-time air quality patterns in a bid to influence traffic flow.

City data platform and community app

The tool for cities and communities allows to monitor, analyze and predict data and processes to connect city administration with citizens.

Business Model

Market Overview

Intelligent and connected public spaces can have different goals, offer different services, use different system architectures, and have developed different organisational forms and business models. This variety is related to the various social contexts in which digital cities have developed. The solution is, for example, able to increase security, save money or generate valuable data. Since the end of the 1990s, an increasing number of cities implement intelligent and connected public spaces. As the advantage of such solutions increases with the implemented and interconnected number of solutions, exponential growth is expected.

(Gregory S. Yovanof and George N. Hazapis, 2009)

Marketable Outcomes

Intelligent and Connected public space can include various applications as an omnipresent emergency detector or smart streetlights – each with its business model. But the workflow of each system is similar.

  1. Low-energy surveillance mode: the environment is scanned by low energy and low data sensors to identify relevant events
  2. Reasoning mode: The generated data is analysed and a decision about a reaction is made
  3. High information surveillance mode: if no doubtless decision can be made further information has to be collected


Possible marketable outcomes of an intelligent and connected public space are:


  • Enhanced the experience in public space
  • Advertising
  • Collecting data
  • Increased security
  • Measuring environment
  • Providing information to citizens
  • Improvement of public services as waste collection
  • Increased personal efficiency

Driving Factors

Supporting Infrastructure

As intelligent and connected public space is mostly about (almost) real-time reaction on data a good data backbone, in the best case a fibre backbone, is required.

Government Initiatives

Intelligent and connected public space applications often are implemented by municipalities or in cooperation with such as one requirement is the availability of public space. Decisive for such applications are often problems that have to be solved, as a limited budget or the lack of security. Besides the municipality, the inhabitants have to accept the solution. Therefore, open-minded people and a sufficient data security are needed. This can be achieved by using privacy by design. Thereby only, the relevant parts or conclusions of the data are saved or sent.

(Shane Mitchell, Nicola Villa, Martin Stewart-Weeks and Anne Lange, 2017)


  • Directive 95/46/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 24 October 1995 on the protection of individuals with regard to the processing of personal data and on the free movement of such data. (, 2017)

Use Cases



Public Sound Sensor Safety Project

The Public Sound Sensor Safety Project consists of sound sensors in the public space that are attached to the smart light poles in the area. This enables to detect specific sounds such as fighting and sound levels in bars or cafes in the main bar street in Eindhoven.



Intelligent Building: Improved Customer Experience

Creating the ultimate customer experience for building tenants and building managers by connecting conversational AI with the building’s devices.


Supporting New Mobility and reducing parked cars in the streets of Schwabing West, Munich

Mobility behaviour in densely populated cities needs a change towards a higher use of New Mobility. By presenting the full range of alternative mobility, this pilot project in Munich helped residents to change their daily mobility usage.



Using AI to Measure the 'Busyness' of London Streets

London is using an AI tool to detect when and where people are unable to maintain a safe distance between each other, gaining an overview of how effective mitigation measures are. The tool provides advice to government authorities and businesses on how to create safe spaces and maintain distance.




The City of Tequila Gears up for a Smart Future

Culture, heritage, and a unique national drink. The Mexican town of Tequila has already captured the world’s attention. But now it’s about to become famous for a completely different reason: the town is going digital. By 2040, it doesn’t just want to be a smart town, it wants to be a Smart City.


Camera monitoring system

Hitachi's role in Andhra Pradesh was to create the Real Time Governance Center, by integrating data from over 30 gov’t departments providing 700+ services, and 10,000s of devices into a centralized integrated operations center.




Solar Powered E-Paper Technology Screens for Real-Time Public Transport Information

Solar power technology was combined with E-paper screens to provide real-time information about public transport in Coimbra.


Public Wi-Fi

The goal of the use case is to provide open free Wi-Fi to inhabitants and visitors of Strijp-S.



Streetlights as wifi-to-grid connectors and electrical chargers

In Stockholm the smart connected city adds sensors to existing fibre-optic network and connects to an Internet of Things (IOT) open data platform to produce real-time information for traffic emissions reduction and manage all aspects of city life and operations.


Live laB TOOLKIT FOR Participatory design in Public Space

The Strijp-S district in Eindhoven was used as a testing ground for a 2 week process to organise public consultation using integration of multiple information technologies. The Live Lab, a virtual and physical platform for sharing knowledge and ideas was used to co-create a green square in Strijp.


Smart and Intelligent Street Kiosk

By placing high-tech city beacons, Eindhoven presents revolutionary, multifunctional and interactive information system. The city beacons replace the old (advertising) information displays giving residents, visitors and entrepreneurs access to number of digital and interactive, basic functionalities


Fibre Optic Infrastructure (Backbone project)

Strijp-S is built as a smart data driven area and hence, needed a strong data backbone. 500km of Fibre Optic(Backbone) cables have been installed in ducts in the Strijp-S district (68 acres) for improving connectivity in the area. The Fibre Optic network acts as a Backbone for data related service.


Digital Communication System in Wuppertal

The city of Wuppertal aimed to create a digital infrastructure as a communication medium between city and citizens in public space. To support the municipality, Stroeer Media provided the city with the necessary digital infrastructure to setup digital city communication system.


Location-based marketing as part of the Smart City App Reutlingen

The smartphone applications provides local businesses and restaurants with the opportunity to market offers towards visitors and inhabitants based on geo-localisation technology. The scheme was rolled out within the historic city center of Reutlingen.




Cork Dashboard

Cork Dashboard provides citizens, public sector workers and companies with real-time information, time-series indicator data, and interactive maps about all aspects of the city and county.

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Urban Air Quality Platform

Urban Air Quality Platforms centralise data from sensors or satellite imagery to provide city authorities and citizens with updated information on their urban environment's air quality.

Intelligent Waste Logistics

The global amount of waste produced is steadily rising. With the amount of waste, the importance of an efficient processing of waste grows. Intelligent waste logistic covers the waste chain from the pick-up of the waste at the inhabitants' place to the processing of recycling and destruction.

Building Energy Management System

According to the Energy Performance of Buildings Directive (EPBD), buildings are responsible for approximately 40% of energy consumption and 36% of CO2 emissions in the EU.

Smart Home System

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Urban Data Platform

Urban data platforms build the basis for a multitude of applications in a Smart City. An urban data platform intends to map, store and integrate data from different stakeholders of the Smart City ecosystem.

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