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Description

An intelligent and connected public space collects data in public areas and displays or reacts to the data. The data can be securely transferred via Wi-Fi or other similar technologies, i.e. combined with a central system. The data that is collected with sensors can be data on the air quality, the movements and people in the public space or safety-relevant information. With this, particular importance should be paid to privacy rights, i.e. by using non-intrusive sensors.  Often implemented sub-services are Wi-Fi hotspots or guidance beacons for blind navigation. Public displays can i.e. provide access to local maps, a store and service registry or multimodal route-planning. These mandatory and additional functions of the intelligent and connected public space are shown below. The sensors and technologies used to realise the different functionalities can be attached to, i.e. Smart Lighting poles and make use of the underlying backbone infrastructure.

Products offering these functions

Environmental Monitoring

Analysing of micro-climate and high-resolution data in cities helps to identify real-time air quality patterns in a bid to influence traffic flow.

City data platform and community app

The tool for cities and communities allows to monitor, analyze and predict data and processes to connect city administration with citizens.

Market Potential

How big is the potential market for this Solution? Are there EU goals supporting the implementation? How has the market developed over time and more recently?

Market Overview

Intelligent and connected public spaces can have different goals, offer different services, use different system architectures, and have developed different organisational forms and business models. This variety is related to the various social contexts in which digital cities have developed. The solution is, for example, able to increase security, save money or generate valuable data. Since the end of the 1990s, an increasing number of cities implement intelligent and connected public spaces. As the advantage of such solutions increases with the implemented and interconnected number of solutions, exponential growth is expected.

(Gregory S. Yovanof and George N. Hazapis, 2009)

Marketable Outcomes

Intelligent and Connected public space can include various applications as an omnipresent emergency detector or smart streetlights – each with its business model. But the workflow of each system is similar.

  1. Low-energy surveillance mode: the environment is scanned by low energy and low data sensors to identify relevant events
  2. Reasoning mode: The generated data is analysed and a decision about a reaction is made
  3. High information surveillance mode: if no doubtless decision can be made further information has to be collected

Possible marketable outcomes of an intelligent and connected public space are:

  • Enhanced the experience in public space
  • Advertising
  • Collecting data
  • Increased security
  • Measuring environment
  • Providing information to citizens
  • Improvement of public services as waste collection
  • Increased personal efficiency

Supporting Factors

Supporting Infrastructure

As intelligent and connected public space is mostly about (almost) real-time reaction on data a good data backbone, in the best case a fibre backbone, is required.

Government Initiatives

Intelligent and connected public space applications often are implemented by municipalities or in cooperation with such as one requirement is the availability of public space. Decisive for such applications are often problems that have to be solved, as a limited budget or the lack of security. Besides the municipality, the inhabitants have to accept the solution. Therefore, open-minded people and a sufficient data security are needed. This can be achieved by using privacy by design. Thereby only, the relevant parts or conclusions of the data are saved or sent.

(Shane Mitchell, Nicola Villa, Martin Stewart-Weeks and Anne Lange, 2017)

Legal Requirements

Relevant legal directives at the EU and national levels.
  • Directive 95/46/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 24 October 1995 on the protection of individuals with regard to the processing of personal data and on the free movement of such data. (eur-lax.Europa.eu, 2017)

Use Cases

Explore real-life examples of implementations of this Solution.

ICT

Sensor Based Citizen Initiative for Environmental Monitoring

The initiative aimed at collecting environmental data to monitor air quality focused on particulate matter.

ICT

Security

Camera Based Crowd Management in Eindhoven City Centre

Several cameras were installed on the main bar street in Eindhoven (Stratumseind) with the aim of better crowd control.

Mobility

ICT

Social Responsibility

Beacon-Based Indoor Routing as a Mobility Service App

Simplifying transitions between different modes of transport is a challenge for multimodal mobility. This measure focuses on the special transport needs of deaf and blind people via the creation of an app.

Mobility

ICT

Real-Time Crowding Information – Positive Impacts on the Metro

Testing a real-time crowding information system, giving metro passengers the chance to make an informed decision about which metro trains to take.

Security

Water

ICT

FloodCitiSense Crowdsourced Flood Warning App

To improve cities’ resilience to floods, FloodCitiSense aimed at developing a pluvial flood early warning service for, but also by, citizens and city authorities. 

Mobility

Security

Vectorial® System to Resolve Cyclist and Pedestrian Conflict

Dún Laoghaire City Council implemented Vectorial® systems, as part of changes made during the Active School Travel initiative, helping to increase bus stop accessibility.

ICT

Smart Pole Network as a Digital Backbone for a Smart City

This pilot project in Espoo provides high-capacity connectivity in the district of Kera to test an urban smart city network.

Mobility

ICT

Real-Time Bus Schedule App for Tartu Smart City

Mobi Lab built a mobile phone application for Tartu Smart City for citizens to access real-time bus schedule information and find the closest bus stops.

Mobility

ICT

Smart public transit - NFC+QR stickers for Tartu Smart City

Mobi Lab installed smart stickers on every one of the 294 bus stops in Tartu. The stickers have pre-programmed NFC chips and QR codes to load real-time data of upcoming buses. The system uses GPS data from moving buses and helps daily commuters be aware of any delays in the schedule.

Energy

Mobility

ICT

Security

A pioneering model project for street lighting

Thanks to the latest generation of luminaires, comprehensive sensor technology and the use of specially developed artificial intelligence (AI), a model project has created a dynamic-adaptive lighting control system for street lighting with energy savings of around 77%.

Mobility

ICT

Permanent cycle traffic counter

The installation of a permanent counting station for bicycles in Ulm had a high public profile in Ulm. The Eco-compteur sensor installed there detects cyclists and the direction of travel of the bicycles. The data collected there is made available to the public.

ICT

Extension and improvement of Logroño's free municipal wifi network coverage

The free municipal network of high-speed wifi Internet connection in the city of Logroño is improved and extended so that everyone can have a quality connection without restrictions.

Mobility

ICT

Social Responsibility

Smart Weather Protection

Sensors at bus stops tell the bus drivers when there are people waiting for the bus, so that people can stand inside of the weather protection, without risking to miss the bus.

Mobility

Health

Abertillery Park Active Travel Monitoring

Using bike and people counting technology outdoors to monitor usage and habits of a popular active travel route in the borough and produce data to support further investment.

Other

CrowdScan Analyzes Crowd Density in Bruges for Three Consecutive Years

In smart cities, data is a valuable resource, and Bruges, a world-renowned UNESCO World Heritage city, is no exception. Following a successful pilot project, the city is now turning to CrowdScan's technology to measure crowd density in various areas.

ICT

Security

Public Sound Sensor Safety Project

The Public Sound Sensor Safety Project consists of sound sensors in the public space that are attached to the smart light poles in the area. This enables to detect specific sounds such as fighting and sound levels in bars or cafes in the main bar street in Eindhoven.

ICT

Building

Intelligent Building: Improved Customer Experience

Creating the ultimate customer experience for building tenants and building managers by connecting conversational AI with the building’s devices.

Mobility

Supporting New Mobility and reducing parked cars in the streets of Schwabing West, Munich

Mobility behaviour in densely populated cities needs a change towards a higher use of New Mobility. By presenting the full range of alternative mobility, this pilot project in Munich helped residents to change their daily mobility usage.

ICT

Health

Using AI to Measure the 'Busyness' of London Streets

London is using an AI tool to detect when and where people are unable to maintain a safe distance between each other, gaining an overview of how effective mitigation measures are. The tool provides advice to government authorities and businesses on how to create safe spaces and maintain distance.

Tourism

Mobility

ICT

Security

The City of Tequila Gears up for a Smart Future

Culture, heritage, and a unique national drink. The Mexican town of Tequila has already captured the world’s attention. But now it’s about to become famous for a completely different reason: the town is going digital. By 2040, it doesn’t just want to be a smart town, it wants to be a Smart City.

ICT

Camera monitoring system

Hitachi's role in Andhra Pradesh was to create the Real Time Governance Center, by integrating data from over 30 gov’t departments providing 700+ services, and 10,000s of devices into a centralized integrated operations center.

Mobility

Energy

ICT

Solar Powered E-Paper Technology Screens for Real-Time Public Transport Information

Solar power technology was combined with E-paper screens to provide real-time information about public transport in Coimbra.

ICT

Public Wi-Fi

The goal of the use case is to provide open free Wi-Fi to inhabitants and visitors of Strijp-S.

ICT

Mobility

Streetlights as Wifi-to-Grid Connectors and Electrical Chargers

In Stockholm, the smart connected city adds sensors to existing fibre-optic networks and connects to an Internet of Things (IOT) open data platform, to produce real-time information for traffic emissions reduction and to manage all other aspects of city life and operations.

Other

Live laB TOOLKIT FOR Participatory design in Public Space

The Strijp-S district in Eindhoven was used as a testing ground for a 2 week process to organise public consultation using integration of multiple information technologies. The Live Lab, a virtual and physical platform for sharing knowledge and ideas was used to co-create a green square in Strijp.

ICT

Smart and Intelligent Street Kiosk

By placing high-tech city beacons, Eindhoven presents revolutionary, multifunctional and interactive information system. The city beacons replace the old (advertising) information displays giving residents, visitors and entrepreneurs access to number of digital and interactive, basic functionalities

ICT

Fibre Optic Infrastructure (Backbone project)

Strijp-S is built as a smart data driven area and hence, needed a strong data backbone. 500km of Fibre Optic(Backbone) cables have been installed in ducts in the Strijp-S district (68 acres) for improving connectivity in the area. The Fibre Optic network acts as a Backbone for data related service.

ICT

Digital Communication System in Wuppertal

The city of Wuppertal aimed to create a digital infrastructure as a communication medium between city and citizens in public space. To support the municipality, Stroeer Media provided the city with the necessary digital infrastructure to setup digital city communication system.

ICT

Location-based marketing as part of the Smart City App Reutlingen

The smartphone applications provides local businesses and restaurants with the opportunity to market offers towards visitors and inhabitants based on geo-localisation technology. The scheme was rolled out within the historic city center of Reutlingen.

Tourism

Mobility

ICT

Security

Cork Dashboard

Cork Dashboard provides citizens, public sector workers and companies with real-time information, time-series indicator data, and interactive maps about all aspects of the city and county.

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