Electric Bus System
In Europe today, 25% of all greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions are linked to transport, with buses contributing 8% to the overall emissions. Consequently, implementing transportation systems such as Electric Bus Systems offers a solution to decrease emissions while improving the quality of transportation and life ( UITP, 2019 ). Electric Bus System is a public transportation system that is operated by electric buses only. As every public transportation system, it can include ticketing, customer information, and a monitoring system. Additionally, it's essential to have facilities for charging the electric buses. Due to the charging process, a management system for operations, planning of range, and route optimisation becomes even more important compared to conventional bus systems (see also SCIS ). Problems to be solved Bad air quality High Costs Noise Lack of Comfort In comparison to conventional engines, Electric Bus Systems are free of emissions locally. Moreover, less noise is produced when driving. While the initial costs for purchasing electric buses may be higher, the overall costs of Electric Bus Systems can be lower than the one of other systems depending on the usage.