WHAT SOLUTIONS ARE THE SPARCS' LIGHTHOUSE CITIES IMPLEMENTING? There are several solutions to urban challenges available on the market. Each solution can be implemented in different variants – responding to local circumstances, the available budget or the needs of the local community. To decide if a solution is suitable for a city and which would be beneficial characteristics of it, in-depth knowledge about the solution itself is necessary. 

As part of the work done for the Replication tasks in SPARCS, BABLE created rich, expert curated, neutral information packages (so-called Solutions), based on the Use Cases from the Lighthouse Cities (Espoo and Leipzig). The content and structure of the Solutions aim to break down the complexity of the technical systems (Products) offered by the market and aggregate information from individual applications (Use Cases) – see Figure 1. In collaboration with an European community of experts, we structured the packaged solutions for smart cities in a way that they are modular, configurable, standardised, and neutral.