Privacy Notice

Welcome on BABLE

We put great importance to data protection and therefore use the data you provide to us with upmost care. You can handle the data you provide to us in your personal dashboard. You will find our complete regulations on data protection and clarification of your rights in our privacy notice . By using the website and its offers and navigating further, you accept the regulations of our privacy notice and terms and conditions.



Vehicle sharing systems allow customers to use various vehicles without the need to own each vehicle. There are different types of vehicle sharing systems on the market. Differences can include the type of vehicle shared, like car sharing, bike sharing, scooter sharing or electric vehicle sharing. In addition to the type of the vehicle, one main difference between vehicle sharing systems is the vehicle holder. Most commonly, the operator owns the vehicles that are then shared with the users. Another opportunity is peer-to-peer vehicle sharing, in which the citizens share their own vehicles. For each vehicle sharing system, it is necessary to ensure the accessibility of the vehicles and to manage the location and operation of the vehicles. 



Main Benefits
  • Reducing use of fossils , 4 gallon

  • Increasing safety , 12 Newton

  • Recycling waste , 65 centiliter

  • Reducing operation costs , 345 Rankine


Functions help you to understand what the products can do for you and which ones will help you achieve your goals.
Each solution has at least one mandatory function, which is needed to achieve the basic purpose of the solution, and several additional functions, which are features that can be added to provide additional benefits.

Mandatory Functions
    accessing service
    moving passengers with shared vehicles
    paying for vehicle sharing system
    managing vehicle fleet
    informing customers about vehicle sharing
Potential Functions
    charing shared electric vehicles
    connecting vehicles of the shared fleet
Products offering these functions

Fleet Management

Comprehensive service portfolio gives fleet managers a constant, real-time overview of all vehicle data so they can optimize operational processes.

Business Model


Average implementation time: < 2 years 

Initial investment amount: around 2,000,000 Euro for a system with 150 cars


Market Overview

Most of the vehicle sharing systems which are already implemented depend on agreements between a car-sharing company and the local city administration, especially regarding parking policies. Existing use cases have proven to be highly successful in cities. According to Navigant Consulting, the industry worldwide had an estimated size of $1.1 billion in 2016 and is expected to grow to $6.2 billion by 2024.

(Korey Clark, 2016)


The most common business model for vehicle sharing systems around Europe is free-floating rentals. With this model, the cars can be parked in specially designated parking spaces or standard parking areas with a permit from the local municipality. The customers are charged on a per-minute base and pay a subscription fee. The minute-based fee usually varies between 0,20 €/minute and 0,50 €/minute, depending on the vehicle sharing system and the vehicle used. The subscription fee typically is 0 € to 20 €. Some vehicle sharing companies also offer hourly-based or daily-based rates.

In addition to the revenue from the charges, the cars can offer a marketing channel for the vehicles within the fleet. The primary costs of a vehicle sharing system are the initial costs for vehicles and the chargers, if necessary. The operational costs are mostly the costs of fuelling, maintaining and cleaning the vehicles as well as expenses related to customer service and insurance.

(Dr. Scott Le Vine et al., 2014), (Francesco Ferro et al., 2015)

Business Model Canvas

The picture shows a typical Canvas for a vehicle sharing system. It gives an overview of the business model discussed above. Some of the aspects are not necessary for the basic version of the solution vehicle sharing system but they coincide when implementing some of the add-on functions. 

(Francesco Ferro et al., 2015)

Driving Factors

     Supporting Infrastructure

A public charging infrastructure for electric vehicles can support the business model as electric vehicles might be part of the shared vehicle fleet.

Legal Requirements

  • Parking fees and equality of all cars limit the freedom to operate
  • Age limits used by different car sharing providers: Usually between 18 and 21 years of age or depending on the time holding a driving license

Use Cases

Vehicle Sharing Service in Mülheim

With the aim of enabling road users to travel their routes using the environmentally-friendly transport network and to rely less on their own car, the car sharing facility in Mülheim offers a range of different vehicles. This includes e-cars, e-bikes and also normal cars for long distance.

Public bike sharing system in Tartu

With the aim of encouraging the use of bicycles and make this a considerable alternative to cars, the city of Tartu has implemented a city wide bike sharing scheme as part of the SmartEnCity Project. The system consists of public city bikes, parking lots with safety locks and a management system.

Corporate Electric Car Sharing for University

The aim was to reduce staff using their own cars for university business and to increase the use of EVs at the MMU. Two 30kW Nissan electric cars were purchased and two additional charging points installed. The sharing scheme is managed by a third party enterprise through an online booking system.

Green parking index in combination with car sharing pool with EV

The Green parking index in Stockholm is designed to encourage alternative forms of transport, thus reducing the demand for the private parking places which must be provided when building new and renovating old housing in Stockholm.

Shared e-mobility system in Milan

Milan’s shared e-mobility system includes: e-cars, e-bikes, e-logistics vehicles, smart parking, e-vehicle charging, and condominium e-car sharing.

Station bound district car sharing

With the aim to improve the sharing of green mobility solutions, 3-5 sharing cars are operated by several contractors in Strijp-S, Eindhoven.

E-Car Sharing in social housing BWSG-Hauffgasse

E-Car sharing in the social neighbourhood is an innovative approach in the issue of e-mobility in social housing, contributing not only to the environmental goals but also to the community building as a strong societal element.

E-Scooter sharing service in Stockholm

To provide a new form of green micro mobility to Stockholm citizens, VOI introduced shared dockless electric scooter sharing service in the city.

Mobility Station in Mülheim

The Mobility stations in Mülheim provide commuters and residents of the busy district with a location, where they can easily find various alternative transport options. The aim is to encourage behavioral change from using cars towards more active modes of transport like walking and cycling. 

Bike Sharing and Car Sharing Schemes in Turku

A pilot bike sharing system (BSS), with 300 bicycles and 37 stations, has implemented in Turku. This measure will provide the first BSS in Turku.

Development of an integrated e-bike sharing scheme

The reduction of the individual car use and the availability of multimodal mobility for everybody is a challenge for the future. The focus of this Use Case is on the development of a carrier e-bike for mobility-impaired people.

Peer-to-Peer (P2P) Car Sharing Platforms

GoMore and Snappcar are delivering Peer-to-Peer (P2P) car sharing platforms, making it simple to adopt a car light lifestyle in the City of Stockholm.

Want to see our expert's advices about this solution?

Log in

Related Solutions

Public Charging System for Electric Vehicles

The current EU regulation on emissions for cars is the strictest worldwide. Along with further restrictions the thresholds cannot be meet with conventional cars only anymore. One alternative technology, reducing the local emissions, are electric vehicles.

Bike Sharing System

A bike sharing system intends to make a community share a fleet of bikes. Therefore, users do not have to own a bike, but everyone can use the fleet flexibly.

Smart Parking

A Smart Parking System makes use of sensors or other technologies to determine the availability of parking lots in cities. This information can be shared with drivers, reducing the time spent looking for parking, and thus reducing traffic congestion.

Intermodal Mobility Hubs

The transportation sector is responsible for 28 percent of greenhouse gas emissions, the bulk of which (60 percent) are produced by personal mobility. One option to decrease the environmental impact of personal mobility is the seamless integration of different modes of transport using mobility hubs.

Last Mile Delivery

On-line sales has become an essential part of the retailing business in the past years. Consequently, the volume of traffic caused by delivery services has increased rapidly. What impacts cities most is he final track of the supply chain, the so called “Last Mile” delivery.

Electrification of fleets

One solution to reduce transport-related CO2 emissions is electric mobility. Depending on the characteristics of the fleet and its users, different options for electrification are most beneficial.

Drone Delivery System

Delivery trucks for parcels are a noticeable part of urban traffic that can be reduced by implementing a drone delivery system. As the market for deliveries is significantly and steadily growing, especially due to the increasing options in online shopping, this becomes even more relevant.

Electric Bus System

The electric bus system is a public transportation system that is operated by electric buses only. Electric busses are not only economically beneficial, as they do not have any local emission, but due to their longer lifespan and lower operational costs, they can also be financially beneficial.