The majority of public funding on energy efficiency within the EU is proposed for the building sector. The federal funds in that sector add up to €5.4 billion in 2014. A smart home system is one possibility to improve residential energy efficiency. A smart gateway, as an essential part of the system, connects the smart home with the outside world. This allows the mobile control of devices in the house from remote places. External systems and services can be used for better energy usage regulation. Furthermore, it can be connected to the smart grid as well as electric charging infrastructure to enable better energy efficiency and billing plans, for example, according to peak-time energy consumption or renewable energy content.
Reducing GHG Emissions
Enhances Grid Stability
Improving Energy Usage Efficiency
Shaving peak Energy Demand
Decreasing energy consumption in buildings
Reducing energy bills
Enhanced data collection
Functions help you to understand what the products can do for you and which ones will help you achieve your goals.
Each solution has at least one mandatory function, which is needed to achieve the basic purpose of the solution, and several additional functions, which are features that can be added to provide additional benefits.
Average Implementation Time: 1-2 years (without smart meter rollout) according to estimates from the H2020 EU Triangulum project
Initial Investment Amount: approximately 150.000 €
In the last few years, the Smart Home industry has grown very fast, with a 64% increase in sales in 2016 compared to 2015. Nevertheless, the household penetration is still low (5.2%) in Europe. However, it is expected that it will increase its presence to 15.3% by 2020.
(CNBC, 2017; Statista, 2016)
Some marketable outcomes that Smart Home Systems provides are:
- Subscription-based services can generate constant stream of income
- The gateways have a big target group: It can be sold to hospitals and homes for elderly and disabled people, but also for those willing to increase their comfort in a smart home environment
- The gateways can anonymise and provide data to data platforms, to implement effective analytics and long-term improvement as well as product design. The data can be charged, and the analytic services and their results can also be seen as marketable outcomes.
The technology with the highest presence and, at the same time, most promoted in smart homes is the smart meter. A smart meter is a device which records the amount of energy and/or gas consumed in a determined period. This information is sent to the service provider to bill the customer accurately, and it is also used by the client to regulate his/her energy/gas consumption. The main advantage of a smart meter with an integrated easy-to-read display is that consumers can decide to reduce their consumption level, especially during peak hours.
On average, the cost of installing a smart meter in the EU is between €200 and €250, allowing average savings of €160 for gas, and €309 for electricity per metering point (shared by consumers, suppliers, distribution system operators, etc.), and 3% reduction in energy demand.
(European Commission, 2014)
A stable and reliable data connection is required to send and receive information. Furthermore, cloud management and belonging IT data centre infrastructure is necessary for interconnected smart homes. Additionally, to have an integrated system, it is required that all devices use the same language. In 2015, the European Union created a new standard called SAREF (Smart Appliances REFerence ontology), with the goal of homogenise the market and allow communication among all devices.
Regarding the use of smart meters, the European Union has established the goal of replacing “at least 80% of electricity meters with smart meters by 2020 wherever it is cost-effective to do so” (Directive 2009/72/EC).
16 European countries have plans or have already started, to roll out smart electricity meters with the goal of covering a significant proportion of consumers by 2020 or earlier, and 5 of them have the same purpose for smart gas meters.
(European Commission, 2014)
 Austria, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Greece, Ireland, Italy, Luxemburg, Malta, Netherlands, Poland, Romania, Spain, Sweden, and the UK.
 Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, and the UK.
- Regulation (EU) 2016/679: on the protection of natural persons concerning the processing of personal data and the free movement of such data
- Directive 2009/72/EC: concerning common rules for the internal market in electricity –promotion of intelligent metering and target of 80% coverage by 2020
- Directive 2009/73/EC: concerning common rules for the internal market in natural gas –promotion of intelligent metering
- Directive 2012/27/EU: on energy efficiency
- Directive (EU) 2016/1148: concerning measures for a high standard level of security of network and information systems across the Union