Waste management in the EU
- To reduce waste and its impact on the environment, the EU has adopted ambitious targets for recycling and landfill and is working on packaging waste. The goal is to promote the shift towards a more sustainable model known as the circular economy. From 2018 to 2021 the average amount of municipal waste as measured per capita increased in the EU. However, trends can vary by country.
- While municipal waste per capita increased in most EU countries, it decreased in Malta, Cyprus, Spain, and Romania. In absolute terms, municipal waste per person was highest in Austria, Luxemburg, Denmark, and Belgium, while it was the lowest in Spain, Latvia, Croatia, and Sweden. Wealthier countries tend to produce more waste per capita.
- Every year 2.2 billion tonnes of waste are generated in the EU. More than a quarter of it (27%) is municipal waste: everyday waste collected and treated by municipalities, which is mainly generated by households. Data shows that the amount of waste and the way it is managed varies a lot across EU countries, but there has been a shift to more recycling and less landfilling.
- 6th of November