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Challenge / Goal

Adaptive City Mobility (ACM) is a concept with the goal of making electric mobility efficient and cost-effective, while at the same time helping reduce traffic pressure in cities. This is made possible by various innovations, such as the development of light-weight vehicles with an innovative battery exchange system, and the integration of a software-based multi-mode system, which ensures maximum utilisation of the space inside the vehicles.

This measure focused on the implementation and demonstration of the ACM concept, which provides a new solution within the field of e-mobility and fits directly into the evolving ideas of the shared economy, urban commons, and mobility as a service.

Short term objectives include creating awareness of the innovation, giving real-world electro-mobility experiences to interested pilot users, and gathering feedback about the performance and the acceptance of the new vehicles along with the mobility concept. The longer-term objective is to identify the best Use Cases and target groups for ACM. By finding the best combination of user groups, the multi-purpose sharing concept and business model can be adapted and optimised accordingly.


ACM is based on three innovations:

  • An already developed new lightweight electric vehicle (maximum weight of 450 kg, L7E classification)
  • A flexible manual battery swapping system (weighing 100 kg)
  • An integrated fleet management and multi purpose sharing software enabling the maximisation of vehicle usage inside a city setting

Shared usage will reduce car ownership and long charging times will be avoided thanks to the swapping battery system.

In this Use Case, the light-weight vehicles are rented out - similar to the classic carsharing approach. In addition, the measure incorporates the multi-modal concept. That is, the use of a vehicle/fleet by different user groups (private and business carsharing). Vehicles could be used for a number of purposes, such as eco-taxis and chauffeur sectors, logistics and courier services, tradesmen, mobile nursing services, or municipal fleets.

Pilot drivers were selected from diverse business areas, including business/corporate customers (B2B) and private individuals to ensure broad coverage of different user scenarios. The technological innovations (vehicle, batteries, software) were tested by these different user groups while gathering live feedback from the drivers for evaluation purposes.

A communication and marketing strategy was developed for the roll-out of this innovation, along with supporting the dissemination of new mobility concepts in general.


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Time period

Implementation time: 2 to 5 years


City of Munich

End users

All Citizens

    Main benefits

  • Promoting sustainable private transport models

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