Transport and Environment Statistics 2023: Key Finding
The Department for Transport has published the latest Transport and Environment Statistics for 2023, which provide an overview of the environmental impacts of transport in the UK. Here are some of the main highlights:
- The total greenhouse gas emissions from transport decreased by 12% in 2023 compared to 2022, mainly due to the increased use of electric and hybrid vehicles, as well as lower demand for travel during the COVID-19 pandemic.
- The share of electric and hybrid vehicles in new car registrations increased from 38% in 2022 to 45% in 2023, reaching a record high. The government's target is to achieve 100% zero emission car sales by 2035.
- The average fuel efficiency of new cars improved by 4% in 2023 compared to 2022, reaching 72.6 miles per gallon. This is the highest level since records began in 1999.
- The modal share of public transport, cycling and walking increased from 27% in 2022 to 29% in 2023, while the modal share of car travel decreased from 63% to 61%. This reflects the shift towards more sustainable modes of transport, as well as the impact of social distancing measures on car occupancy.
- The average distance travelled per person decreased by 3% in 2023 compared to 2022, reaching 6,200 miles. This is the lowest level since 1995, and is mainly due to the reduced need for commuting and leisure travel during the pandemic.
- The air quality indicators showed mixed results in 2023. The average concentration of nitrogen dioxide (NO2) decreased by 8% in 2023 compared to 2022, while the average concentration of particulate matter (PM10) increased by 2%. Both pollutants are mainly emitted by road transport, and their levels depend on various factors such as traffic volume, weather conditions and vehicle technology.