Challenge / Goal
The City of Turku has set the ambitious goal of becoming CO2 neutral by 2029. Among the measures to reach that goal is the decision to switch to electricity as the primary source of energy in public transportation. This measure introduces a pilot project that is the first step in that process. Before piloting with fully electric vehicles/buses, experiences in using alternative fuels have been gained with hybrid buses.
The main goal of this use case is to provide reliable data to enable planning and future political decisions concerning the extension of electric bus operations.
City of Turku with its subsidiaries Turun Kaupunkiliikenne Oy (the public transport operator) and Turku Energia (power supplier) cooperate in the pilot stage of adopting electric vehicles (EVs) to the local and regional traffic. The planning started as a CIVITAS ECCENTRIC early measure, following the decision of the executive board in June 2015; procurement begun in September 2015. The procurement consisted of six electric buses, quick charge stations for each end of the line and an overnight charging station for the depot. Trials started in October 2016 after the delivery of the first vehicles. A total of 94 drivers were trained in using the new buses.
The pilot also includes an EV research project in cooperation with Turku University of Applied Sciences. The goal of the project is to identify and propose solutions for technical and operative bottlenecks of expanding electric bus operations. The research covers a wide variety of topics:
- Specifications and procurement of electric buses and the charging infrastructure.
- Innovative business and contract models for (service) procurement.
- Adapting bus line planning and optimizing models for EV operation.
- Finding solutions for accurate measurement of energy consumption.
- Using data from onboard and charging systems to plan future choice of buses.
- Effect of driver training to cost of operation.
- Reliability and total cost of ownership (TCO) of EVs versus diesel vehicles.
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Planing Time: 0.5 - 1 years
Implementation Time: 1 - 2 years
City of Turku, Turku University of Applied Sciences, Western Systems Ltd, Regional Council of Southwest Finland
City of Turku, Turun Kaupunkiliikenne Oy (the public transport operator) and Turku Energia (power supplier)
Increasing share of renewables,
Reducing use of fossils,
Reducing local air pollution,
Reducing GHG Emissions,
Improving Life Quality,